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Recombinant Human HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB1-1 beta chain(HLA-DRB1),partial

CSB-EP361230HU

Recombinant Human HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB1-1 beta chain(HLA-DRB1),partial

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CAD$709.00

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>Several Other Sizes Are Also Available. Please Inquire. Default Size: 200ug

Updated Date: Stock Protein updated on 20170405

Research areas: Immunology

Target / Protein: HLA-DRB1

Biologically active: Not Tested

Expression system: E.coli

Species of origin: Homo sapiens (Human)

Delivery time: 3-7 business days

Uniprot ID: P04229

AA Sequence: GDTRPRFLWQLKFECHFFNGTERVRLLERCIYNQEESVRFDSDVGEYRAVTELGRPDAEYWNSQKDLLEQRRAAVDTYCRHNYGVGESFTVQRRVEPKVTVYPSKTQPLQHHNLLVCSVSGFYPGSIEVRWFRNGQEEKAGVVSTGLIQNGDWTFQTLVMLETVPRSGEVYTCQVEHPSVTSPLTVEWRARSESAQSK

Tag info: N-terminal 10xHis-SUMO-tagged and C-terminal Myc-tagged

Expression Region: 30-227aa

Protein length: Extracellular Domain

MW: 42.9 kDa

Alternative Name(s): MHC class II antigen DRB1*1

Relevance: Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route; where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules; and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments; exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides; autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs; other cells of the gastrointestinal tract; such as epithelial cells; express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs; which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen; three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form a heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs; CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases; including CTSS and CTSL; leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells; the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal microenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules; increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading. (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for Epstein-Barr virus on lymphocytes.

Reference: "DO beta: a new beta chain gene in HLA-D with a distinct regulation of expression."Tonnelle C., Demars R., Long E.O.EMBO J4:2839-2847(1985)

Purity: Greater than 90% as determined by SDS-PAGE.

Storage: The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself. Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20℃/-80℃. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20℃/-80℃.

Notes: Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4℃ for up to one week.

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