Long PCR Taq DNA Polymerase, a combination of two thermostable DNA polymerases, Taq and Pfu, is a special formulation designed for amplifying large fragment. The Long PCR Taq was shown to amplify long templates from λ phage genome of up to 20 kb. It is also a better choice for amplifying complex template, such as GC-rich template.
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Long PCR Taq DNA Polymerase,a combination of two thermostable DNA polymerases, Taq and Pfu, is a special formulation designed for amplifying large fragment. This specially formulated Long PCR Taq was shown to amplify long templates from λ phage genome of up to 20 kb. It is also a better choice for amplifying complex template, such as GC-rich template.
Long PCR Taq is suitable as a direct replacement for ordinary Taq Polymerase in most applications. Using Long PCR Taq in your PCR reactions results in 3´-dA overhangs PCR products, which can be used in TA clone
Contents: Long PCR Taq DNA Polymerase, PCR Enhancer, 6x gel loading buffer, 10X Long PCR Taq Buffer Ⅰ with Mg2+, 10X Long PCR Taq Buffer Ⅱ with Mg2+
• PCR amplification of DNA fragments any sizes around 5 kb
• DNA labeling
• DNA sequencing
• PCR for cloning
One unit is defined as the amount of the enzyme required to catalyze the incorporation of 10 nmoles of dNTP’s into an acid-insoluble form in 30 minutes at 70°C using hering sperm DNA as substrate.
20mM TrisCl ( pH8.0), 100mM KCl, 3mM MgCl2 1mM DTT，0.1% NP-40, 0.1% Tween20, 0.2mg/ml BSA, 50% (v/v) glycerol
10X Long PCR Taq Buffer Ⅰ with Mg2+
500mM Tris-HCl pH 8.8，160mM (NH4)2SO4 ，25mM MgCl2 ，1% Triton X-100
10X Long PCR Taq Buffer Ⅱ with Mg2+
200mM Tris-HCl PH8.8，100mM KCl，100mM (NH4)2SO4，16mM MgSO4，1% Tritonx-100
• High fidelity: three times fidelity of Taq DNA Polymerase.
• Longer fragment: amplify long templates as long as 40kb.
• Amplification of complex template (GC rich or repetitive sequence).
• Generates 3'-dA and blunt end PCR products.
• Users may choose compare the two buffers for different template.
Basic PCR Protocol
The following basic protocol serves as a general guideline and a starting point for any PCR amplification. Optimal reaction conditions
(incubation time and temperature, concentration of Taq DNA Polymerase, primers, Mg2+, and template DNA) vary and need to be optimized.
1. Add the following components to a sterile microcentrifuge tube sitting on ice:
Volume (50 µl rxn)
10x PCR Buffer
dNTPs(10 mM each)
0.2 mM each
Long PCR DNA polymerase (5U/µl)
Variable to 50 µl
2. Mix contents of tube. Cap tubes and centrifuge briefly to collect the contents to the bottom. When using a thermal cycler that does not
contain a heated lid, overlay the reaction mixture with 25 μl mineral oil.
3. Perform 25-35 cycles of PCR amplification as follows:
4. Incubate for an additional 10 min at 72°C and maintain the reaction at 4°C. The samples can be stored at -20°C until use.
5. Analyze the amplification products by agarose gel electrophoresis and visualize by ethidium bromide staining. Use appropriate molecular weigh standards.
Notes on cycling conditions
- Initial denaturation can be performed over an interval of 1~5 min at 95℃ depending on the GC content of template.
-Denaturation for 30 sec to 2 min at 94~95℃ is sufficient. If the amplified DNA has a very high GC content, denaturation time may be increased up to 4 min.
-Optimal annealing temperature is 5℃ lower than the melting temperature of primer-temperature DNA duplex. If nonspecific PCR products are obtained optimization of annealing temperature can be performed by increasing temperature stepwise by 2℃.
-The number of PCR cycles depends on the amount of emplate DNA in the reaction mix and on the expected yield of the PCR products, 25-35 cycles are usually sufficient
for the majority PCR reaction. Low amounts of starting template may require 40 cycles.
-The time of the final extensi, on step can be extended for amplicons that will be cloned into T/A vectors.